Leadership Models and Theories Essay Sample

Leadership Models & Theories essay, UAE

In this essay, we will discuss the leadership models and theories.

Many employees and managers want to become a leader someday. Maybe they are influenced by social media or by their leader, but not everyone can become a great leader. It requires a lot of research, study, and patience to become a good leader. Any person can not become a leader overnight. He or she has to go through a long process of learning and implementation. The best coordination of the knowledge and practice of leadership theories can make you a great leader.

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Meaning of Leadership

A leader is a person who guides or influences other personalities through his or her behaviors and actions. Perhaps you’re creating a cross-functional project, or you ought to host a conference or meeting.

Those are chances for you to perform a lead character and to be an example. Besides, These are times when leadership characteristics and techniques will bubble to the surface. 

Leadership theories

There are many leadership theories one needs to grasp and practice to become a great leader. Some of these are as follows:

Transactional Leadership

Transactional leaders give commands to their group members and then use many penalties and rewards to either punish or recognize according to their work.

Imagine a leader offering recognition to praise a work well performed or proclaiming that a team member manages an excreted department task since they blew a deadline. 

Transformational Leadership

Transformational leaders attempt to transform the groups or businesses they supervise by encouraging their teams to innovate.

These leads are around making corrections and discovering better approaches to get things done. They empower and inspire people to maintain their practice and toll in with their recommendations or remarks regarding how everything could be streamlined or improved.

Servant Leadership

Servant leaders work with this conventional first serve and lead motto. They channel their energy into discovering ideas to help others rather than make people follow their order. They prioritize the needs of other people above their own.

Democratic Leadership

Democratic leaders are technically more superior on the organization chart. They emphasize working together and actively involve their teams in the decision-making process. Democratic leaders value opinions and ideas from others.

Autocratic Leadership

Autocratic leadership lives on the opposite side of the spectrum from democratic leadership. Autocratic leaders view themselves as having absolute power and make decisions on behalf of their subordinates. They dictate not only what they need to do but also how to do it.

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Bureaucratic Leadership

Bureaucratic leaders have hierarchical authority meaning their power comes from a formal position or title rather than unique traits or characteristics.

Lassiez-Flair Leadership

Laissez-faire leaders provide the necessary tools and resources. But then they step back and let their team members make decisions, solve problems, and get their work accomplished—without having to worry about the leader obsessively supervising their every move.

Charismatic Leadership

Charismatic leaders have magnetic personalities, as well as the conviction to achieve their objectives. Rather than encouraging behaviors through strict instructions, these leaders use eloquent communication and persuasion to unite a team around a cause. They’re able to lay out their vision and get others excited about that same goal.

Adaptive Leadership

This theory states that there is a difference between leadership and authority. The adaptive leadership theory states that a leader is an individual who influences his team to take on the adaptive challenges they face at work.

Strengths-based leadership theory

This leadership theory is somewhat similar to the trait theory of leadership. It posits that individuals lean on personality strengths to lead their teams. These strengths include:

  • Confidence
  • Strategic thinking
  • Interpersonal skills 
  • Influence over others
  • Team-building skills

Pros and Cons of leadership theory


  • Leaders map the task and eliminate the guesswork.
  • Leaders can establish a high level of trust with employees and rally them around a shared vision or end goal.
  • This approach boosts morale and leads to a high level of trust, which results in better employee performance and a more positive company culture overall.
  • Creativity and innovation are encouraged, which also improves job satisfaction among employees and team members.


  • Constantly trying to achieve consensus among a group can be inefficient and, in some cases, costly.
  • It’s challenging. Constantly pushing your own needs and priorities to the back burner isn’t something that comes as second nature for most of us.
  • In environments where existing processes are valued, this desire to change things up can ruffle some feathers.
  • Creativity and innovation stiffs due to the rigid environment and expectations,

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